What’s On The Menu in 2030?
Did you know there are over 7.6 billion people living on Earth? By the time we hit 2030, the global population will surpass 8.5 billion people. Today, in 2019, we have people going without any protein or quality food in their diets. If nothing is to change, and we add another 12% to our population, we must ask ourselves how many more are going to go hungry?
In 2016, the United Nations published The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture – CONTRIBUTING TO FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION FOR ALL. In this annual report, the UN highlights its central platform of the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” (SDG) that includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Building on the principle of “leaving no one behind”, the new Agenda emphasizes a holistic approach to achieving sustainable development for all. SDG #14 – “Life Below Water – Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development” has set ten targets to reduce marine pollution of all kinds, effectively regulate and end overfishing, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems and take action for their restoration to name a few. Sustainable aquaculture is thread into or supports many of the ten initiatives.
So where is our seafood going to come from in 2030? A good majority will come from marine based aquaculture (mariculture) that has been revamped to ensure the industry have zero impact on our natural resource. It will also come from land-based farms that boast footprints of sustainability highlighted by zero environmental impact to surrounding ecosystems. The combination of both will need to increase between 44% – 60% to close that gap on declining “wild caught” fisheries and increasing populations with land-based farming increasing at a higher rate of growth compared to mariculture.